Let's talk about some FREE resources and tools for teaching fluency!
1.) Be explicit in your instruction.
Some students will need more instruction that just a model or repeated readings. Echo reading is perfect for thinking aloud why a passage or poem is read a certain way.
Consider discussing and thinking aloud:
- how punctuation affects your voice
- how to "scoop" phrases together instead of reading word by word
- emphasising bold or italicized words when appropriate
- matching your voice to a character's voice in dialogue
- pausing in poetry- attending to commas
Mary from Teaching with a Mountain View shared this anchor chart. It is a great "checklist" for students of what fluency should look and sound like. Her post also includes TONS of ideas for teaching fluency.
I love how this anchor chart explicitly explains how punctuation can affect the voice.
It has cute little songs to match how a reader can read each punctuation point!
These would be great to post as you explicitly teach each idea in a lessons.
According to this website, "One criteria for fluent reading is the ability to group words into grammatical entities to promote proper intonation. This practice supports students who read word by word rather than grouping into subject and predicate phrases. Many students benefit from explicit instruction in this technique that not only addresses dysfluent reading but also teaches students about sentence structure."
The same website shared this example of how to scoop groups of words together using the poem "Whale."
Any easy eay to introduce this is Fry or Dolch phrases. These have Dolch or Fry words grouped together into short phrases that make sense.
The website The School Bell has Dolch cards free and ready to print for several lists.
These cards would be perfect to include in centers or to practice quickly at the beginning of guided reading groups.
Cedar Springs Elementary School has free powerpoints with fluency phrases on them.
I like that the powerpoints are already divided into beginner and advanced lists. This would be perfect for displaying on the SmartBoard to kick off whole group instruction.
This would be really cute for centers, too.
A fluency folder can either be used in the classroom or at home as homework for families. I have written differentiated passages for each month (for 2nd grade). Students can reread the passages multiple times. I also have questions for students to find text evidence, as well as seasonal poems with word work practice for each month.
You can save buy purchasing the bundle!
If you want to try it before you buy it, check out this sample from November!
Do you feel like you need more help with reading instruction?
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