Building Better Readers: Resources For Practicing Fluency

So now you have the WHY you need to teach fluency, and the STRATEGIES for teaching fluency, but how about some TOOLS for practicing fluency?

Let's talk about some FREE resources and tools for teaching fluency!

1.) Be explicit in your instruction.

Some students will need more instruction that just a model or repeated readings. Echo reading is perfect for thinking aloud why a passage or poem is read a certain way.

Consider discussing and thinking aloud:
  • how punctuation affects your voice
  • how to "scoop" phrases together instead of reading word by word
  • emphasising bold or italicized words when appropriate
  • matching your voice to a character's voice in dialogue
  • pausing in poetry- attending to commas
Love these anchor charts!

Mary from Teaching with a Mountain View shared this anchor chart.  It is a great "checklist" for students of what fluency should look and sound like. Her post also includes TONS of ideas for teaching fluency.

I love how this anchor chart explicitly explains how punctuation can affect the voice.

Martha Rogers shared this freebie on TpT.
It has cute little songs to match how a reader can read each punctuation point! 

Deb Hanson has these 7 Fluency Posters as a freebie on TpT.

These would be great to post as you explicitly teach each idea in a lessons.

2.) Use fluency phrases to teach students how to "scoop" words together.
According to this website, "One criteria for fluent reading is the ability to group words into grammatical entities to promote proper intonation. This practice supports students who read word by word rather than grouping into subject and predicate phrases. Many students benefit from explicit instruction in this technique that not only addresses dysfluent reading but also teaches students about sentence structure."

The same website shared this example of how to scoop groups of words together using the poem "Whale."

Any easy eay to introduce this is Fry or Dolch phrases.  These  have Dolch or Fry words grouped together into short phrases that make sense.

The website The School Bell has Dolch cards free and ready to print for several lists.

These cards would be perfect to include in centers or to practice quickly at the beginning of guided reading groups.

Cedar Springs Elementary School has free powerpoints with fluency phrases on them.

I like that the powerpoints are already divided into beginner and advanced lists. This would be perfect for displaying on the SmartBoard to kick off whole group instruction.

I found this super cute fluency game freebie from Mrs. Thiessen at The First Grade Sweet Life.

This would be really cute for centers, too.

3.) Create a fluency folder for practice.

fluency folder can either be used in the classroom or at home as homework for families. I have written differentiated passages for each month (for 2nd grade). Students can reread the passages multiple times.  I also have questions for students to find text evidence, as well as seasonal poems with word work practice for each month.


You can save buy purchasing the bundle!

If you want to try it before you buy it, check out this sample from November!

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I hope this post gave you some fabulous and much needed resources!  If you would like more ideas from me, be sure to follow me on Teachers Pay Teachers, Pinterest, and Facebook to catch all the freebies and ideas and more!



  1. I love the idea of "scooping" the words! I've never worded it that way. Thank you so much for sharing my fluency posters, too! What an awesome surprise to read your post and find my posters mentioned!!

    1. Thank YOU for sharing them, Deb! They are fabulous!!!!!!!!!!


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